File: FK

Integrated Pest Management


  1. Integrated Pest Management is a system of controlling pest in which pests are


identified, action thresholds are considered, all possible control options are evaluated and


selected controls are implemented. Control options, which include biological, chemical, cultural,


manual, and mechanical methods, are used to prevent or remedy unacceptable pest activity or


characteristics, worker/public health and safety, and economics. The goal of an integrated pest


management system is to manage pests and the environment to balance benefits of control, costs,


public health and environmental quality. Integrated pest management takes into account site-


  1. Schools shall not apply pesticides unless monitoring as specified in Monitoring for


  1. All school shall develop and maintain an integrated pest management program


utilizing the best management practices contained in “Integrated Pest Management in Schools


and Other Public Institutions, Best Management Practices,” published by the West Virginia


  1. At the inception of the integrated pest management program, the school or the


contracted pesticide application business should make a survey of the facility and record the


structural maintenance, cultural or sanitation practices that need correcting in order to ensure the


success of an integrated pest management program. This record shall be updated prior to the


beginning of each school year with a follow-up inspection within six (6) months, with the items


  1. Pest management objectives and pest threshold levels will vary for each school


facility and the occupants of the facility. In order to provide a cross representation of input to the


integrated pest management program from the school’s occupants and the school community, the


Local School Improvement Council as created by West Virginia Code 18-5A-2 may comment on


Commissioner for compliance inspection. When any changes are made to the program, they shall


submit the revised integrated pest management plan to the Commissioner prior to the initiation of


  1. Schools or contracted pest control operators shall maintain an Integrated Pest


Management file for each school facility. The Integrated Pest Management file shall contain at a


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  1. notification of Level 3 or Level 4 treatment as specified in the section, Prior


  1. treatment records of the facility, including a floor plan indicating treatment


  1. copies of consumer information sheets when available and material safety data


applications or monitoring, the business then assumes responsibility for the documents required


  1. Upon request, schools or contracted pesticide application business covered by this


rule shall provide copies of pesticides labels and consumer information sheets when available or


material safety data sheets in the absence of consumer information sheets to employees of the


  1. Exceptions — Areas of schools, such as, but not limited to, greenhouses, nursery plots


or agricultural field plantings, utilized for vocational agricultural plots or research are exempt


  1. Each school shall have a monitoring program. The monitoring program shall include


inspecting areas of the facility for pest evidence, entry points, food, water and harborage sites,


and estimating pest population levels. Each school shall evaluate the information gained through


monitoring to determine the action threshold has been exceeded and what can be done in the way


  1. Each school shall conduct a monitoring program in suspect areas of their facility on


an ongoing basis. Sticky traps designed for cockroaches and other crawling insects shall be


placed along wall/floor junctions, on vertical surfaces, behind appliances, in closets, cabinets and


  1. a floor plan of the facility showing the number and location of each trap;


  1. periodic inspection of each trap at no greater than monthly intervals with the


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  1. the numbers and kinds of insects, arthropods, rodents or other pests


  1. pest damage or other evidence of pests such as feces, cast skins, or rub


  1. removal and disposition of the trap after catch numbers are recorded and


identification is confirmed, to prevent counting specimens more than one (1) time


  1. When monitoring indicates the level of pest infestation meets or exceeds the


threshold level established for the facility and pests type, the progressive levels of pest control


techniques and chemical applications as outlined in Use of Least Hazardous Materials-Re-Entry


Intervals of this guideline shall be followed in controlling the pest population. If monitoring


indicates that pest populations do not meet or exceed threshold levels, no pesticides shall be


  1. In an integrated pest management program, persons responsible for pest management


should evaluate all possible control options. Control options range for non-chemical methods to


least hazardous pesticides to pesticides with a higher degree of risk to human health. In keeping


with the legislative mandate for integrated pest management, the licensed pesticide applicator


shall, after monitoring for pest infestations, proceed in controlling pests using the least hazardous


Pest-preventive measures should be incorporated into existing structures.


These preventive measures reduce the need for pesticide applications, and include


sanitation, such structural repairs as sealing cracks, and such physical and


mechanical controls are screens, traps, and air doors. A school or day care center


management practices document “Integrated Pest Management in Schools and


Other Public Institutions, Best Management Practices” for integrated pest


management strategies for specific sites. Every facility will experience slightly


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  1. If non-chemical pest management methods alone are ineffective or


impractical, it may be necessary for a school to incorporate a pesticide into


the integrated pest management program. Although all pesticides are


determined to be of low impact to occupants because of their organic or


biological nature, low toxicity, relative non-volatility, and/or low or non-

existent exposure to the occupants due to the manner in which they are


applied as baits, gels or dusts into cracks and crevices or wall voids.


  1. The least hazardous pesticides are those with a Caution signal work


pyrethroids, boric acid, disodium octaborate tetrahydratre, silica gel, and


biological control agents — fungi, bacteria, nematodes; or materials


formulated as baits in tamper-resistant containers or for crack and crevice


  1. There is no re-entry interval for these products due to their level of


  1. Schools shall apply products with an EPA Caution signal word but not


  1. Products applied by these methods provide for reduced, minimal use of


liquid materials that may present some, but limited volatility of the


  1. The re-entry interval for which students and employee shall remain out


of the treated area of the facility after the conclusion of treatment is four


(4) hours or the time period specified on the pesticide label as registered


by the United State Environmental Protection Agency, which ever is


  1. Products with a Caution signal word applied by broadcast application


or as a space treatment or products with a Warning or Danger signal word


  1. Products applied by these methods create the greatest opportunities for


exposure at the time of application due to drift or volatility. However


products applied as fogging agents are usually of low mammalian toxicity


and pose little exposure after label re-entry times specified by the United


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  1. The re-entry interval for which students and employees are to remain


out of the treated area of the facility after the conclusion of treatment is


eight (8) hours or the period specified on the label of the pesticide product


as registered by the United States Environmental Protection Agency,


which ever is greater, except when the air in the treated area can be purged


by the heating cooling and ventilation system, the period of re-entry shall


be four (4) hours or the period specified on the label of the pesticide


product as registered by the United States Environmental Protection


  1. If a licensed pesticide application business is contracted to make a Level 3 or


Level 4 pesticide application, the licensee shall provide notification to the school


  1. All schools shall notify their employees at least twenty-four (24) hours in


advance of the application of pesticides in Levels 3 and 4 as detailed above,


including applications made after school hours, over a weekend or during a


  1. At the beginning of each school year, or at the time a student is enrolled into


the school, school administrators shall notify the parents or legal guardians of the


right to be informed of the application of Level 3 or 4 pesticides as detailed


  1. The notification to the parents or legal guardians shall contain a registration


form, whereby the parent or legal guardian can request to be notified by the


  1. The administrator of the school shall provide notification to the parent or legal


guardian requesting notification at least twenty-four (24) hours in advance of the


application of Level 3 or 4 pesticides, including applications made after school


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  1. Level 3 and Level 4 pesticide applications shall not be made in the presence of


students or employees of schools, except for school employees who are certified pesticide


applicators. Pesticides may be applied to a localized area of infestation when students or school


  1. All pest control methods or practices shall be conducted in conformance to the Use of


  1. All pesticides applications made to schools and day care centers shall be applied in


  1. All pesticides applications shall only be made by certified commercial pesticide


applicators or certified public applicators, or registered technicians under the supervision of a


certified pesticide applicator as outlined in West Virginia Department of Agriculture Certified


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