Integrated Pest Management

                                                                                                                                                                                                  File: FK

Integrated Pest Management

 

  1. Integrated Pest Management is a system of controlling pest in which pests are

 

identified, action thresholds are considered, all possible control options are evaluated and

 

selected controls are implemented. Control options, which include biological, chemical, cultural,

 

manual, and mechanical methods, are used to prevent or remedy unacceptable pest activity or

 

characteristics, worker/public health and safety, and economics. The goal of an integrated pest

 

management system is to manage pests and the environment to balance benefits of control, costs,

 

public health and environmental quality. Integrated pest management takes into account site-

 

  1. Schools shall not apply pesticides unless monitoring as specified in Monitoring for

 

  1. All school shall develop and maintain an integrated pest management program

 

utilizing the best management practices contained in “Integrated Pest Management in Schools

 

and Other Public Institutions, Best Management Practices,” published by the West Virginia

 

  1. At the inception of the integrated pest management program, the school or the

 

contracted pesticide application business should make a survey of the facility and record the

 

structural maintenance, cultural or sanitation practices that need correcting in order to ensure the

 

success of an integrated pest management program. This record shall be updated prior to the

 

beginning of each school year with a follow-up inspection within six (6) months, with the items

 

  1. Pest management objectives and pest threshold levels will vary for each school

 

facility and the occupants of the facility. In order to provide a cross representation of input to the

 

integrated pest management program from the school’s occupants and the school community, the

 

Local School Improvement Council as created by West Virginia Code 18-5A-2 may comment on

 

Commissioner for compliance inspection. When any changes are made to the program, they shall

 

submit the revised integrated pest management plan to the Commissioner prior to the initiation of

 

  1. Schools or contracted pest control operators shall maintain an Integrated Pest

 

Management file for each school facility. The Integrated Pest Management file shall contain at a

 

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  1. notification of Level 3 or Level 4 treatment as specified in the section, Prior

 

  1. treatment records of the facility, including a floor plan indicating treatment

 

  1. copies of consumer information sheets when available and material safety data

 

applications or monitoring, the business then assumes responsibility for the documents required

 

  1. Upon request, schools or contracted pesticide application business covered by this

 

rule shall provide copies of pesticides labels and consumer information sheets when available or

 

material safety data sheets in the absence of consumer information sheets to employees of the

 

  1. Exceptions — Areas of schools, such as, but not limited to, greenhouses, nursery plots

 

or agricultural field plantings, utilized for vocational agricultural plots or research are exempt

 

  1. Each school shall have a monitoring program. The monitoring program shall include

 

inspecting areas of the facility for pest evidence, entry points, food, water and harborage sites,

 

and estimating pest population levels. Each school shall evaluate the information gained through

 

monitoring to determine the action threshold has been exceeded and what can be done in the way

 

  1. Each school shall conduct a monitoring program in suspect areas of their facility on

 

an ongoing basis. Sticky traps designed for cockroaches and other crawling insects shall be

 

placed along wall/floor junctions, on vertical surfaces, behind appliances, in closets, cabinets and

 

  1. a floor plan of the facility showing the number and location of each trap;

 

  1. periodic inspection of each trap at no greater than monthly intervals with the

 

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  1. the numbers and kinds of insects, arthropods, rodents or other pests

 

  1. pest damage or other evidence of pests such as feces, cast skins, or rub

 

  1. removal and disposition of the trap after catch numbers are recorded and

 

identification is confirmed, to prevent counting specimens more than one (1) time

 

  1. When monitoring indicates the level of pest infestation meets or exceeds the

 

threshold level established for the facility and pests type, the progressive levels of pest control

 

techniques and chemical applications as outlined in Use of Least Hazardous Materials-Re-Entry

 

Intervals of this guideline shall be followed in controlling the pest population. If monitoring

 

indicates that pest populations do not meet or exceed threshold levels, no pesticides shall be

 

  1. In an integrated pest management program, persons responsible for pest management

 

should evaluate all possible control options. Control options range for non-chemical methods to

 

least hazardous pesticides to pesticides with a higher degree of risk to human health. In keeping

 

with the legislative mandate for integrated pest management, the licensed pesticide applicator

 

shall, after monitoring for pest infestations, proceed in controlling pests using the least hazardous

 

Pest-preventive measures should be incorporated into existing structures.

 

These preventive measures reduce the need for pesticide applications, and include

 

sanitation, such structural repairs as sealing cracks, and such physical and

 

mechanical controls are screens, traps, and air doors. A school or day care center

 

management practices document “Integrated Pest Management in Schools and

 

Other Public Institutions, Best Management Practices” for integrated pest

 

management strategies for specific sites. Every facility will experience slightly

 

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  1. If non-chemical pest management methods alone are ineffective or

 

impractical, it may be necessary for a school to incorporate a pesticide into

 

the integrated pest management program. Although all pesticides are

 

determined to be of low impact to occupants because of their organic or

 

biological nature, low toxicity, relative non-volatility, and/or low or non-

existent exposure to the occupants due to the manner in which they are

 

applied as baits, gels or dusts into cracks and crevices or wall voids.

 

  1. The least hazardous pesticides are those with a Caution signal work

 

pyrethroids, boric acid, disodium octaborate tetrahydratre, silica gel, and

 

biological control agents — fungi, bacteria, nematodes; or materials

 

formulated as baits in tamper-resistant containers or for crack and crevice

 

  1. There is no re-entry interval for these products due to their level of

 

  1. Schools shall apply products with an EPA Caution signal word but not

 

  1. Products applied by these methods provide for reduced, minimal use of

 

liquid materials that may present some, but limited volatility of the

 

  1. The re-entry interval for which students and employee shall remain out

 

of the treated area of the facility after the conclusion of treatment is four

 

(4) hours or the time period specified on the pesticide label as registered

 

by the United State Environmental Protection Agency, which ever is

 

  1. Products with a Caution signal word applied by broadcast application

 

or as a space treatment or products with a Warning or Danger signal word

 

  1. Products applied by these methods create the greatest opportunities for

 

exposure at the time of application due to drift or volatility. However

 

products applied as fogging agents are usually of low mammalian toxicity

 

and pose little exposure after label re-entry times specified by the United

 

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  1. The re-entry interval for which students and employees are to remain

 

out of the treated area of the facility after the conclusion of treatment is

 

eight (8) hours or the period specified on the label of the pesticide product

 

as registered by the United States Environmental Protection Agency,

 

which ever is greater, except when the air in the treated area can be purged

 

by the heating cooling and ventilation system, the period of re-entry shall

 

be four (4) hours or the period specified on the label of the pesticide

 

product as registered by the United States Environmental Protection

 

  1. If a licensed pesticide application business is contracted to make a Level 3 or

 

Level 4 pesticide application, the licensee shall provide notification to the school

 

  1. All schools shall notify their employees at least twenty-four (24) hours in

 

advance of the application of pesticides in Levels 3 and 4 as detailed above,

 

including applications made after school hours, over a weekend or during a

 

  1. At the beginning of each school year, or at the time a student is enrolled into

 

the school, school administrators shall notify the parents or legal guardians of the

 

right to be informed of the application of Level 3 or 4 pesticides as detailed

 

  1. The notification to the parents or legal guardians shall contain a registration

 

form, whereby the parent or legal guardian can request to be notified by the

 

  1. The administrator of the school shall provide notification to the parent or legal

 

guardian requesting notification at least twenty-four (24) hours in advance of the

 

application of Level 3 or 4 pesticides, including applications made after school

 

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  1. Level 3 and Level 4 pesticide applications shall not be made in the presence of

 

students or employees of schools, except for school employees who are certified pesticide

 

applicators. Pesticides may be applied to a localized area of infestation when students or school

 

  1. All pest control methods or practices shall be conducted in conformance to the Use of

 

  1. All pesticides applications made to schools and day care centers shall be applied in

 

  1. All pesticides applications shall only be made by certified commercial pesticide

 

applicators or certified public applicators, or registered technicians under the supervision of a

 

certified pesticide applicator as outlined in West Virginia Department of Agriculture Certified

 

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